When you set out to write a story, one of the first decisions you need to make is who is telling the story. Usually the narrator of the story is the person who has the most to win or lose. But sometimes it’s better to have someone else tell the story.
And when deciding on who might narrate your story, you also need to consider which person – first, second or third – you want to use to tell the story. Each has advantages and disadvantages and can change the feel as well as how your story is told.
The narrator tells the story as it is happening to them, using the personal pronouns “I,” “me” and “my.” This gives your story a very intimate tone. It makes the reader feel like they are with a friend who is going to share some juicy personal experiences. The reader gets to feel the immediacy and impact of the action. That is why it is a popular choice for detective novels. (Example: Kinsey Milhone from Sue Grafton novels.)
Example of first-person POV:
I hesitated at the doorway, allowing my eyes to adjust to the darkened room. The lights flipped on and I heard everyone scream, “Surprise!”
Of course, it wasn’t a surprise at all. My best friend Jenny could never keep anything to herself. Not even the time I got my first hickey and she had told her mom about it right away. I smiled as she rushed over with a silver package in her hand.
This is an extremely rare way to write a story in which the reader is the main character. In this case, you would use the personal pronoun “you.” It reminds me of the “Choose your own Adventure” type books from my childhood.
Example of second-person POV:
You stop at the doorway. The room is dark. You hear a faint noise. All of a sudden, the lights turn on and several people jump out. Your hand flies to your mouth as you stifle a scream.
“Surprise!” everyone yells.
Taking a deep breath you enter the crowded room, looking around for the red-head behind this event. You see her smiling at you as she thrusts a small package into your hands.
This is the most popular viewpoint in which to write. You will be using the personal pronouns “he,” “she,” and “they.” Everything about the story, including information on other characters, is filtered through this character’s perceptions. The reader is only exposed to what this character sees, hears and thinks.
But you are not limited to using only one character’s point of view. You can jump to other characters and tell part of the story from their perspective. If you do decide to go with multiple character viewpoints make sure it is obvious to the reader by separating the paragraphs with a marker (***), an additional space between sections or a chapter break. Typically, you should never jump from one to another in the same section. The key to using multiple character POVs is to limit the number of characters you use. Too many and you can confuse the reader.
Example of third-person POV:
Bonnie stood staring at the closed door. She knew her best friend most likely had gathered all their friends for a surprise party for her, but she wanted nothing more than to be left alone. Reluctantly, she slowly opened the door. The room was dark. She stepped in as the lights flipped on.
Bonnie lifted her hand to her mouth as she plastered a look of shock on her face. Hearing laughter, she turned to see her best friend Jenny rushing toward her with a silver package in her hand.
As you can see each example gives the story a slightly different feel so consider what will work best from your story.